Sunday, February 16, 2020

White Collar Crime as a Non-Violent Type of Crime Assignment

White Collar Crime as a Non-Violent Type of Crime - Assignment Example Owing to its organizational nature, white collar crime requires an organizational approach towards mitigation. The text in this study will define through a proposal addressed to a financial institution how a Chief Risk Officer can strategize and implement measures to curb white collar crime within a financial institution. The text will highlight a risk strategy, overall organizational chart, software and technology, and finally the procedures and policies that will see to it that the institution’s finances are safe and transparent. Every organization requires measures that address threats or potential risks which may act as loopholes leading to white collar crime within or beyond the organization. The offered consultative measures feature governance that is sustainable, programs that manage risks, and compliance with the set measures that work to manage, monitor, identify, and remediate the entire organizing process in preventing the vicious. Access means that all organizational documentation and data has controlled exposure to affect both its security and privacy. This is because access to such crucial aspects of an organization means that modification and/or misuse of the same can enable the one possessing them to exercise whatever they wish. The set access controls should be designed to ensure that the right person accesses the information or documentation they need, only when they need it. This is important because unauthorized personnel cannot misuse such, and in case of any crime, then it is possible to narrow down to the few who have the access (Pontell & Geis, 2010). Again, security should go beyond the organization level, especially in cases where there is internet use. Most firms store or conduct their activities online, where it is known that virtual transactions and storages are prone to cracking and hacking. As such, there should be measures that comply with up-to-standard IT security to curb these risks.  Ã‚  

Sunday, February 2, 2020

Gay Marriage legistration in California Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Gay Marriage legistration in California - Essay Example In California the state used to grant licenses to same sex couples but this service was discontinued shortly after its implementation. The process of granting licenses for gay marriages was started in June 2008 and due to the reformed constitutions and policies it was ceased in November 2008. This act was led by Supreme Court of California due to the passage of preposition 8 (Wilcox 66). Since March 2011, gay marriage laws in California are in a state of instability. Vaughn R.Walker, the federal judge of the state of California declared preposition 8 as unconstitutional. However, his appeal stayed pending- although the law which was formed to ban gay marriages or same sex marriages was overturned but still gay marriages were declared to be illegal (Utter 113). History of gay marriages in California In February 2004, the laws of the city of San Francisco granted permission for issuing licenses to the couples undergoing gay marriages. Before the first grant of license several hearings were called up to the supreme court of California. There on in august 2004, the court declared that the city and county of San Francisco had no right to authorize gay marriages through any legal license. Therefore, following the verdict- the license granted to already same sex married couples was rejected and banned (Lee 67). Around November 2006, several parties appealed to the court of California for the numerous cases dealing with same sex marriages. In 2008 four to three decision took effect. There comes a constitution which banned gay marriages totally, it came in November 2008, it was called proposition 8, the Marriage Recognition and Family Protection Act (Researcher 97). In current situation, the laws relating to gay marriage are in the state of flux in California with numerous cases in front of the courts. The current governor of California supports the legal same sex marriages and equality California. Their government has decided to overturn proposition 8 in the 2012 elect ion. Proposition 8 Proposition 8 is a provision to change the constitution of California and give further details of a valid marriage. In November 2008, it was clearly stated that a marriage between man and woman would only be considered lawful and valid in California. After the passage of the proposition, there were numerous beings who agreed with it but several of them voted against this proposition. Soon after the enactment, the federal judge of California State declared this proposition 8 as unconstitutional. Then 9th circuit court of appeals asked fro the stay on same sex marriages in California in 2010 the pending appeal. There on considerations were conducted on gay marriages and the California supreme court announced that same sex marriages and couples would remain legally married before proposition 8 passed (Wilcox 188). Affects of gay marriages in Californian society There are many social evils in our society and some of the major problems which have to face by the economy if every country. The birth rate in every country is always much more so it should decreased for the betterment of the country. The second generation people are old in fact in many countries they are not given with any respect. However, in the present situation and time the rate of growth of homosexual people has increased a lot which creates the worst thinking in the youth mind. Homosexuality is the psychic of an individual in which s/he got in a pray of love with same sex (Brock 57). In some

Saturday, January 25, 2020

Analysis of Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and Humanism

Analysis of Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and Humanism Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, Humanism DOROTHY ASHTON Abstract This assignment discusses the historical brass tacks of three most important schools of contemplation within the field of psychology: Psychoanalysis, Behaviorism, and Humanism. I will be using these particular theories and concepts to understand a particular case scenario. It also compares and contrasting the strengths and the limitations of each theory. School of Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis began as a tool for improving poignant anguish; it’s a therapy technique for education about the psyche, and also a way of appreciative the process of customary on a daily basis mental implementation and the stages of normal expansion from formative years to elderly age. The idea of psychotherapy first started to receive serious attention under Sigmund Freud in Vienna in the 1890s. Freud was a neurologist trying to find an valuable management for patients with neurotic or uproarious symptoms. Freud’s normal mind theory was serene of three elements: the id, the ego and the superego. The id is composed of primordial urges, while the ego is the building block of moral fiber, thought-provoking with dealing with authenticity. The superego is the component of individuality that holds all of the ethics and principles we pick up on from our parents and culture. Freud understood to facilitate the communication of these three elements was what led to all of the mul tifaceted human behaviors. Anna Freud’s contributions to psychology were the field of child psychoanalysis and her work contribute greatly to our understanding of child psychology. The majority of Anna’s education was from her father Sigmund Freud’s friends and associates. Carl Jung determined to learn medication but urbanized a interest in divine phenomena. His attraction with remedy and theology led him into the field of psychiatry that he viewed as a amalgamation of his interests. I know that Jung’s theory created major criticism and his work left extraordinary blow on psychology. One of his concepts was introversion and extraversion contributed to character psychology and also predisposed psychotherapy. He gave recommendation on serene affliction from alcoholism led to the arrangement of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) that helped millions of citizens’ anguish from alcohol reliance. Erikson depleted moment in time learning the edifying life of the South Dakota and in northern California. Erik utilizes the comprehension he earned of edifying, ecological, and societal influences to press forward amplify his psychoanalytic speculation. Freud’s conjecture had paying attention on the psychosexual portions of adulthood, Erikson’s accumulation of other influences helped to become wider and increase psychoanalytic hypothesis. He in addition contributed to our sympathetic of individuality as it is urbanized and wrought in excess of the path of the natural life. Erik’s annotations of offspring also helped set the arena for promote follow a line of exploration. This article by Christopher Spera â€Å"A Review of the Relationship Among Parenting Practices, Parenting Styles, and Adolescent School Achievement,† debates over several studies that have a correlation on parental involvement and monitoring. â€Å"The socialization progression is bidirectional in that parents convey socialization messages to their children, but their children vary in a level of acceptance, receptivity, and internalization of these messages (Grusec et al.,2000) (C Spera, 2005) â€Å"Authoritative parenting styles are often associated with higher levels of student achievement, although these findings are not consistent across culture, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status.†) (C. Spera, 2005) the majority of Freud’s own contributions that were highly contentious in his time, is now everyday ideas in our world. Psychoanalytic contributions to the modern experience and culture didn’t end with Freud’s death; in fact I think that it will l ast for centuries to come. School of Behaviorism When it comes to the concept of behaviorism I often think about the most prominent quote by John B. Watson: Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and Ill guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors. John Watson, Behaviorism, 1930 The School of Behaviorism was founded by John B. Watson. He believed that a person’s behavior can be measured, trained, and changed. The focus is placed on philosophical/theoretical underpinnings of behavior analysis. Behavior analysis intangible foundation is described as radical behaviorism, which is characterized by the postulation that behavior can be studied using innate science methods. The behaviorist observation of verbal behavior emphasizes the functional nature of language and the continuation of rule ascendancy in human behavior. The major concepts and theories within the school of behaviorism include cognitive psychology, constructivism, social constructivism, experimental learning, multiple intelligence, and situated learning theory. The major thinkers that influenced behaviorism were John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, Edward Thorndike, and Clark Hull. Ivan Pavlov wasn’t a psychologist and was said to dislike the field altogether, but his work had a major influence on behaviorism. Pavlov made a breakthrough on reflexes influenced the growing behaviorism movement and was known to be cited in John B. Watson’s writings. The work that I associate with Pavlov’s work is his study of conditioning as a structure of knowledge. B.F. Skinner was a inexhaustible novelist, publishing practically 200 articles and more than 20 books. Skinner’s work of operant conditioning is still considered imperative in the present day. This technique is used by mental health professionals. In his own way Skinner left a remarkable legacy on psychology along with other fields ranging from philosophy to education. Edward Thorndike was strongly associated with functionalism. Thorndike’s contribution to psychology was considered to be the father of modern day educational psychology and published several books on the subject. He is also known for his animal experiments and for the law of effect. Clark Hull contributions to psychology of drive reduction theory served as a general theory of learning for other researchers. His theory was a broader version of social learning and imitation without the motivating stimuli needing to the survival needs of an organism. Hulls theories were a leading influence in American psychology. Parenting involves bidirectional interaction linking groups of two or more generations; can lengthen all the way in the course of all or foremost parts of the particular life spans of those groups; may fit into place all institutions within a way of life, including educational, economic, political, and social ones; and is surrounded in the history of peopleas that history occurs within the ordinary and ingenuous settings within which the assemblage lives. If I wanted to give an example of how the school of behaviorism shape and influence societal thinking I would talk about how students join together classroom environments with their teacher’s caring mannerisms, and through classical conditioning, gain knowledge of to act in response to the school with encouraging emotions. Teachers can also improve student feelings of competency by modeling effort and perseverance, also reinforcing authentic undertakings. Reasonably, then, designed in cooperation adolescents and their caregiv ers, teens is a time of exhilaration and of fretfulness; of contentment and of quandary; of innovation and of incomprehension; and of timeouts with the precedent and up till now of associations with the future. Those individuals who are members of civilizing minorities can also provide as role models. I would have to give an example of Arnold Schwarzenegger idolizing a famous body builder and eventually rose to fame as the world’s top body builder career. School of Humanism Humanism was developed in response to Freud’s psychoanalysis and behaviorism. While near the beginning schools of humanism were for the most part centered on anomalous human behavior, humanistic psychology differed considerably in its emphasis to helping people achieve and fulfill their potential. Humanistic, humanism and humanist are vocabulary in psychology concerning to an approach which studies the whole person, and the distinctiveness of each human being.Fundamentally, this vocabulary refers to the same advance in psychology. Humanism is a psychological approach that emphasizes the study of the entire person. Humanistic psychologists look at human behavior not only through the eyes of the spectator, but through the eyes of the person doing the behaving. Humanism is a philosophical and ethical bearing that emphasizes the importance and society of human beings, in isolation and cooperatively and generally prefers critical thinking and verification (rationalism, empiricism) over time-honored set of guidelines or devotion (fideism). The major theorist of humanism is Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. Abraham Maslow contributions to psychology focused aspects of human nature that were considered abnormal. His interest in human potential, seeking peak experiences and improving mental health by seeking personal growth had a long lasting influence on psychology. You can say that growing interest was in positive psychology. Maslow even created a pyramid chart listing human hierarchy of needs. 1. Physiological- Human survival- breathing, food, water, sex, sleep, homeostasis, excretion 2. Safety- Security- Morality, Family, Health, Property 3. Love and Belongings- Emotional needs- Friendship, Family, Sexual Intimacy 4. Esteem- Respect- Self- Esteem, confidence, achievement, respect of others, respect by others 5. Self-Actualization- Human Achievement- Morality, Creativity, Spontaneity, Problem Solving, Lack of Prejudice, Acceptance of Facts. Carl Rogers’s contribution to psychology was also in human potential. Rogers had major influence on psychology and education. Carl Rogers is mostly considered as an influential psychologist of the 20th century by other psychologist. The variety of humanistic psychotherapy are concepts from profundity rehabilitation, holistic wellbeing, falter upon groups, empathy training, matrimonial and relatives unit therapy, body labor, the existential psychotherapy. The five basic main beliefs of humanistic psychology are: Human beings, as human, take the place of the sum of their parts. They can’t be condensed to components. Human beings have their survival in a distinctively human context, as well as in a celestial bionetwork. Human beings are alert and are attentive of being aware i.e., they are conscious. Human realization constantly includes an knowledge of oneself in the context of additional people. Human beings have the capability to make choices and for that reason have accountability. Human beings are deliberate, aspire at goals, are responsive that they cause potential events, and inquire about meaning, importance, and vision. Strengths Limitations When it comes to the differences in theories, I find that the behaviorism theory flaw is that it became unpopular and unable to hold up to scrutiny in its historical time period. When I compare the theory to Freud’s psychoanalysis theory I acknowledge that it can’t just be one or the other. You need both nature and nurture in order to be complete. The only thing that I find creditable when it comes to the humanistic approach is its positive affirmations to get students confidence and competence where it’s considered at least to be in the normal range. Case Study In this particular case we have a woman named Judy who is a 29-year-old single woman going to college. Judy has a very challenging personality; she constantly deals with high nervous tension job while she is completing her 2nd year as a medical resident in a large hospital. Judy has always been an over achiever. She has finished with top honors in both college and medical school. She has very high principles that she lives by and becomes her worse self critic when she fails to meet them. Lately, she has been struggling with momentous feelings of unimportance and embarrassment due to her incapability to carry out as sound as she constantly has in the precedent. Its’ my opinion, I will give you three different perspectives of the results from the schools of thought. A psychoanalyst would say that Judy is having issues with one the three elements, id, ego, and superego. Since Judy has extremely high expectation about what she fines acceptable. Freud would probably think that Judy is suffering from some type of hysteria. I would think that a behaviorist would say that Judy is having issues with her behavior. I think that a humanist would say that Judy is having issues with motivation and even though she has high competence in the topic. In Judy’s case the school of psychoanalysis and behaviorism would not be completely useful. Psychoanalysis can help determine what is happening in the unconscious mind but it won’t solve the issue. Behaviorism could possibly observe the issue and even attempt to use conditioning methods to solve the problem. The humanistic approach attempt to help with positive reinforcement. This would be the most useful approach because its used to help students be successful. I think that Humanism would be the right school of thought for Judy’s case. Humanistic psychology is a psychological perspective that emphasizes the study of the whole person. This particular school of thought could be correctly used by a teacher in Judy’s school. The teacher could use a student-centered method to help Judy not just with academic but also the psychological need to get depressed over not getting the grades that she was ultimately expecting but not receiving.(positive emotions) When it comes to behaviorism Judy could be conditioned but it is just covering up the problem. Psychoanalysis could help Judy work through her issues but it wouldn’t do anything to help prevent the incident from happening again. Conclusion In my opinion, the concepts of the different types of schools of thought gave everyone a chance to show their opinions on what is considered important. Freud’s concept of the normal mind was very important to his life research. B.F. Skinners and John Watson’s hypothesis of the person can become anything they desire with hard work and growing up in the right environment wasn’t taken as seriously in the public eye as it should have but B.F. Skinners operant conditioning method had a lasting impact on society. Humanism didn’t gain a huge amount of support in the past but gave us a wonderful starting point to positive psychology. References Christopher Spera in Educational Psychology Review (2005) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10648-005-3950-1 Richard M. Lerner, E. Ree Noh, and Clancie Wilson. 1998 http://parenthood.library.wisc.edu/Lerner/Lerner-bib.html Burrhus Frederic Skinner. (2014). http://www.biography.com/people/bf-skinner-9485671. An Introduction to Maslows Hierarchy of Needs–Abraham Maslow Benjamin, Jr., L. T. (2014). A brief history of modern psychology (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley and Sons.

Friday, January 17, 2020

My Time in the Rainforest

Today was very productive day. I saw many things that I have never seen before in the Amazon rainforest. It is located in South America and is hugely populated with many different species. It is vast, covering an area of 2,5 million square miles, and we haven't even got one eight yet. Amazon river is one of the reasons the forest is so tremendously populated. It flows for more than 4,000 miles to discharge its waters in the Atlantic Ocean near Belem, Brazil. Along the way, about 1,100 tributaries latch on. One of the most seen birds was the Toucan. It was bigger then I thought it would be. Our guide told us that ten million species of plants, animals and insects live in the tropical forest. As it became dark, we stayed in the undergrowth of the forest where the tree could shade use from the hot sun we were expecting in the morning. The floor of the rain forest was sticky and wet from the rain that had fallen earlier this morning. It was hard to relax because of the weird weather. I could see a rainbow in the sky through the gaps between the canvas of leaves. As I got up, a spider monkey jumped down from the canopy and tried to grab the fruit we picked. We made a quick dash towards a giant tree trunk that had fallen. Thousands of small insects scattered as we approached it. We made a fireplace here to cook the raw meat we had brought. We fetched water from the Amazon river which was flowing near to camp and put in tablets to clean it. As we filled our bottles, piranhas swam towards our hands in the water. The Amazon river was a very dangerous place. –Day 2 24.09.10 We woke up at dawn when most of the animals would be sleeping. We saw an anaconda slither by. It was 21 feet long and I saw it choke a Giant Anteater. We were far away and the snake didn't spot us. A pack of squirrel monkeys passed us and we carried on through. It was getting cooler and there were less animals wandering about. More deadly animals started to appear, such as the poison dart frog. Our guide told us it is very small in size, but poisonous enough as to kill up to 100 people. It has the most powerful poison known by man, but harmless if left alone. Amazon Indians hunt using its poison in the tip of their arrows. –Day 3 25.09.10 We were heading towards Manaus, the weather in tropical areas have equatorial climate, found approximately 5 degrees to the North and South of the equator. Like any other tropical rainforest, it's hot and humid throughout the year, with an average annual temperature of 27à ¯Ã‚ ¿Ã‚ ½C

Thursday, January 9, 2020

Religion and Peace - Christianity and Islam - 894 Words

The message of peace is a fundamental universal concern which is relevant throughout our world today. Peace is not merely the ‘absence of war’, but a state of mind in which a sense of tranquillity comes from actively working towards right relationships with individuals and God. To understand the way in which Muslims and Christians view peace it is imperative to understand the source of the teachings for each religion. The principles teachings of peace for Both Christianity and Islam are primarily found in the sacred texts of both religious traditions. Christianity looks to the bible and specifically the New Testament for teachings about peace, whereas Islam focuses’ on the Qur’an and Hadith to guide their beliefs of peace. These sacred†¦show more content†¦The Quran is the fundamental text for all Muslims as it is believed to contain the revelation of Allah, complete and unaltered as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. The secondary sacred text is th e Hadith which refers to the collection of traditions, words and deeds of the prophet Muhammad who lived in accordance to the beliefs of Islam in the way which Allah intended. The Quran refers to Islam as the path of peace and it is due to this importance placed upon peace that the Qur’an also declares that there be no aggressive war permitted in Islam. Peace is achieved through submission to Allah and this is reinforced through daily prayer (salat). Similarities between Christian and Islamic understandings of peace can be seen through the examples of Jesus Christ and Muhammad as prophets being examples of peace in order to guide adherents in their beliefs and practices. The nature of reciprocity is evident through each of their teachings. One of Jesus’ teachings, better known as the golden rule of Christianity is ‘do unto others as you would have them do unto you’. This links with Muhammad’s teaching in the Hadith saying ‘None of you truly believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself’. These teachings stress the ethic of reciprocity as each adherent (despite differing religious traditions) cannot be faithful to God without considering the needs of others. As it is through care for others that peace can beShow MoreRelatedThe Middle East1289 Words   |  6 Pagessystems in the variety of cultures. There are three major religious based out of the middle east, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Why do these religions have such a rift between them, if their principles are similar? All three of the religions have similar qualities, and many differences, but is that still a reason to compete with each other the way that they do? Christianity, Judaism, and Islam all pray to one God, recognize Jesus Christ,share the Old Testament and carry Holy books. They shareRead MoreConflict Between Islam And Christianity945 Words   |  4 Pagessometimes, or a sign of prejudice. When it comes to religions, the situation escalates to be a real serious issue. Islam, and since its existence, has faced many struggles with many people who think of it as an outrageous religion that pushes people to kill, treat unfairly, and think criminally. However, Islam by name is a message of peace. The word Islam was taken from the word Salam, which simply means peace in Arabic. Additionally, the ideal of this religion is to worship one god –Allah– and believe thatRead MoreDispute Resolution And Religion Class793 Words   |  4 PagesShaima Alharbi Dispute Resolution and Religion Reflection Paper #4 â€Å"DR and Abrahamic Faiths In Dispute Resolution and Religion class, by Prof. Pownall, three presentations of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam were presented each by a group of it’s believers. As every group had the opportunity to explain their faith and beliefs in their religion, I acknowledged that there are many resemblance between the three Abrahamic religions or at least in the point of â€Å"peacemaking†. In this paper, IRead MoreJudaism, Christianity, And Islam902 Words   |  4 Pagesfaith or religious. Sometimes knowing more about other religions might help people avoid conflicts between each other, and eventually might lead to living together peacefully. The most famous three religions -People of the book- are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Judaism is the oldest organized religion in the world; however, it only has 14 million followers around the world most of them centered in North America and Israel. Christianity, came after Judaism and have two billion believers aroundRead MoreT he Religion of Islam Essay1383 Words   |  6 PagesIslam is derived from the Arabic root salaama meaning peace, purity, submission and obedience. Islam stands for making peace by submitting to the will of God and obeying His law. Jews and Christians view Islam as the latest of the worlds great religions. However, worldwide Muslims (sometimes written Moslems) understand their universal religion as the final religion and the primal religion. As final, Islam is Gods final revelation of prophetic religion, in fulfillment of all that hadRead MoreThe Views On Heaven / Jannah And Hell / Jahannam1543 Words   |  7 Pageswith how much conflict there is between the people of these two major religions which account for nearly 3.8 billion of us. However, when taking a deeper look at these two religions, and disregarding all of the imprudent violations against the opposing religion made every day, one can see a much more intertwined foundation of beliefs that is often overlooked. The views on Heaven/Jannah and Hell/Jahannam in these two major religions are quite similar in many respects, but each have their own unique variationsRead MoreCompare and Contrast Christianity and Islam921 Words   |  4 PagesContrast Christianity and Islam In Wikipedia religion is definedâ€Å"A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and worldviews that relate humanity to an order of existence.† There are approximately more than four thousand religion in the world. Christianity and Islam are part of the major significant religion. Christianity was founded by Jesus Christ approximately 2,000 years ago; Christianity is one of the most influential religions in world history. Christianity developedRead MorePeace can be described as a state of being between groups where mutual respect has lead to sense of600 Words   |  3 PagesPeace can be described as a state of being between groups where mutual respect has lead to sense of harmony and cooperation, both spiritually and physically. This idea is expressed in both Christianity and Islam, with the sacred texts of each, the New Testament and Quran respectively, depicting its own guide towards inner peace for its adherents. In Christianity the idea of peace is strongly linked with the prominent figure of Jesus Christ as a model for all adherents follow. Alternatively, in IslamRead MoreThe Fourth Noble Truths By The Eightfold Path1093 Words   |  5 Pagesviolence. Buddhism is a religion that is different from Islam. Islam does not share any beliefs with Buddhism an d vice-versa. But Islam has some common similarities with other religions such Christianity and Judaism since they all teach the existence of one God who is the creator. The world Islam is a noun formed from an Arabic meaning â€Å"to submit† or to commit oneself. A Muslim is one who submits or one who commits himself to Islam. Like Judaism, Christianity and Islam is a religion of revelation andRead MoreChristianity and Islam Share a Common Ground1080 Words   |  4 Pagesvirtue of inner peace refers to the state of being either spiritually or mentally at peace, usually one with the other, with enough understanding and knowledge to keep oneself strong when facing stress or adversity. In the Islamic tradition, the Qur’an contains peace as a common theme, as shown in Surah 2:11 v 244 where it speaks of making peace and doing good needing to be defended against evil above all. In the Bible, of the Christian tradition, there is a deep concern with peace between God and

Wednesday, January 1, 2020

The Value Of Being A Woman - 1541 Words

The Value of Being a Woman: Rhetorical Analysis In the world today, it is believed by many transgenders that they are equal to woman. In this essay I will discuss the opinion of a writer for the New York Times the characteristics she believes a woman should have. I believe that transgenders are not equal to woman and can never be no matter how many surgeries they may have. Neither a sex change nor name change can make you a woman and give you the qualities and experiences that woman bares throughout her life time. Elinor Burkett, which is the writer of What Makes a Woman? uses many different strategies, a broad range of examples, and even some opinions of others and herself to explain why she feels transgenders are not equal to woman. Also to explain why she feels that a surgery, wearing make up, and dressing like a woman doesn t make you a woman. She goes into detail describing the hardships of woman and how some one who wasn t born a woman could never fully understand them. She explains from a woman s point of view how men and women have never been equal, what woman have been going through, and how they have to work twice as hard to survive in this world. She uses two people throughout her essay who are transgenders who’ve been accepted by the world to get her point across which are Bruce Jenner Lawrence H. Summers. While analyzing the article I recognized three kinds of arguments used throughout the paper by the author which were casual, evaluation, andShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Poem Porphyria s Lover By Alfred Lord Tennyson1599 Words   |  7 Pagesobligated to fulfill these societal values because they lived in a world where the men dominated the social hierarchy, and women were not free to express nor be themselves. In the poem, â€Å"Mariana†, written by Alfred Lord Tennyson, a woman named Mariana is waiting all night for a man to come proclaim his love for her. Mariana desperately needs this man to come to her rescue, so she can fulfill her purpose in this world, which would be the societal values of a women being forced upon her. Mariana feelsRead MoreJane Austen s Pride And Prejudice992 Words   |  4 PagesAusten s personal values and ideas. Furthermore, there is one issue of her era that she particularly responds to, that is, the inferior position of women. At the t ime this book was written, women never amounted to much of anything unless they married well, and they often had to be beautiful, accomplished, and from a family of good fortune to do so. Austen uses Pride and Prejudice to argue against this subordinate conception of women by demonstrating what truly gives a woman value. As she weavesRead MoreThe Wife, The Undutiful Spouse, And Bad Mother Essay1702 Words   |  7 Pagesin ancient China. For woman, virtue is the most important goal in woman’s live. However, to be virtuous, she has to be lack of ability and talent. Women have to obey the unfair rules and follow the moral values set by the patriarchal society. In China’s traditional culture, women have to be faithful to their husbands, and even stay chastity after their death. Girls were taught to be subservient to their men. They were not allowed to be â€Å"talent† and educated as men. A woman was born to be a role ofRead MoreThe Golden Woman: An Analysis Of G ender Politics In Hong1675 Words   |  7 PagesThe Golden Woman: An Analysis of Gender Politics in Hong Kong Nocturne She is beauty, she is grace, and she is a conniving money-hog. She is: The Golden Woman. The Golden Woman, trapped within the confines of the patriarchy, transcends a national identity, yet still seeks refuge from the misogyny unique to her own culture. Particularly, The Golden Woman of pan-Asia, whom identifies with the values of their western counterparts, faces a rejection of those same values from male counterparts. Its prevalenceRead MoreThe Pygmalion, By George Bernard Shaw And The Film Pretty Woman1629 Words   |  7 PagesSTUDIED EXPLORED SOCIAL VALUES? Isabel Xu (Giuffrida) â€Æ' As appropriations of the Pygmalion myth, the play Pygmalion (1913) written by George Bernard Shaw and the film Pretty Woman (1990) directed by Garry Marshall utilise different text form as a medium to deliver criticism and commentary on the traditionally defined gender roles and the basis of making class distinctions in their respective contexts. It is through the choice of text genre, the form of medium by which the values are challenged or embodiedRead MoreThe Symbolism Of Ophelia s Hamlet 1500 Words   |  6 Pagesdifferent readers? Text Analyzed: Shakespeare’s Hamlet Part of the Course to Which the Text Corresponds to: Part 4 Thesis: In Shakespeare’s tragedy, Hamlet, Ophelia’s role would be interpreted as a plot device by a modern English woman and as a victim by an Elizabethan woman. This would occur because of their understanding of the symbolism of Ophelia’s actions in madness, the context surrounding Hamlet’s view of her, and their characterization of Ophelia. Argument 1 Topic Sentence: The two readersRead MoreHow The Stereotypes Associated With My Identity Affect Me1176 Words   |  5 Pagesstereotypes associated with my identity affect me; rather, I would like to analyze the negative effect of the stereotype of the supposedly happy ideal luxurious woman in order to highlight women’s struggles to be fully incorporated in a male dominated workplace. Stereotypes can prevent people from further exploring someone’s depth and value by reducing them to simplistic traits. Stereotypes in general are simplistic pieces of information generally accepted by the public, whether or not it is trueRead MoreFeelings of Oppression in Blood Wedding by Frederico Garcia Larco1178 Words   |  5 PagesBlood Wedding by Frederico Garcia Larco is an ingenious depiction of values, norms, expectations, the effect they have on society and human beings and by default, explores human nature and the will of the individual. Larco simplistically yet graphically conveys these aspects through a marriage and a feud between two families, both of which are focuses of the play. Another tool he uses is the imagery and personification of several aspects of nature to convey a certain essence of humanity within natureRead MorePersonal Values And Professional Values917 Words   |  4 PagesPersonal values and professional values run parallel in the social work f ield. Recognizing and managing your personal values while working with clients is an important task. Concentrating on your professional values is required for a social worker to assist her client to the best of her ability. During my internship there have been a number of cases that I have had to practice managing my personal values. It has gotten a little easier the further I get into my internship recognizing my personalRead MoreEssay about Born Of Different Cultures1361 Words   |  6 PagesThis statement by Richard Rodriguez is true from many people in the world today. But what factors contribute the identification with culture and a nation? The various factors that define a culture are the way people see a cultures attitude, family values, religion in the family, and the origin of your family. At the present time the people of the world are very stereotypical, this is one of the many ways to misinterpret people of a different culture. To best understand a culture you should take the

Tuesday, December 24, 2019

The Influence Of Nature And Nurture On An Individual s...

INTRODUCTION The following research shows the influence of nature and nurture on an individual s intelligence. Intelligence can be defined as The aggregate or global capacity to act purposefully think rationally and deal effectively with the environment. Thus intelligence helps define ones action in a given situation. Intelligence can be influenced by many factors, mainly being the nature and environmental. The natural factor consists of the inborn tendencies and genetics that show that a part of intelligence is inherited. The nurture consists of environment and socio economic factors that contribute towards ones intelligence. The issue of nature versus nurture has been constantly debated over in terms of intelligence. Over the years, the pendulum of intelligence has been swinging from nature to nurture determining them to be an independent factor for one s intelligence. However this pendulum is seen to be coming to a standstill forming a theory which supports both the nature and nurture and thei r contributions towards one’s cognitive abilities and intelligence. NATURE AND INTELLIGENCE Over years of study it is has been observed how a part of intelligence is heritable in nature. Heritability being an estimate of the size of the genetic effect (Dunn and Plomin, 1990; Collier, 2008) In the field of Behavioral genetics, Studies on monozygotic and dizogotic twins have shown that monozygotic twins have a variance of 0.64 to 0.74, assuming that there is no environmentalShow MoreRelatedHuman Behavior: Nature vs. Nurture Essay1733 Words   |  7 Pageshave argued the Nature versus Nurture debate for decades. This debate is about the degree to which our environment and heredity, affects our behavior and developmental stages. According to this debate, nature can be described as, the behavior of a person is occurring because of their genetic makeup. Since the behavior of a person is due to their genetic makeup, then, it (nature) should also influence a person’s growth and development for the duration of their life. However, the nurture side of the debateRead MoreThe P sychoanalytic Theory Of Human Development Research1074 Words   |  5 Pagesview on development while regarding relative influence of nature and nurture. Psychoanalytic The Psychoanalytic theory suggests that people move through a series of stages while encountering conflicts between biological drives and social expectations. The person’s ability to learn, get along with others and to cope with anxiety is determined by how the person resolves those conflicts. Regarding nature and nurture, both seem to be a relative influence on the Psychoanalytic perspective based onRead MoreAdoption : Nature Vs Nurture1216 Words   |  5 PagesEric Fraley 4th hour English 3 Mrs. Laluzerne Jan, 12, 2016 Adoption Nature vs Nurture What makes someone an unique individual? Centuries of ancestors, genetics, evolution and heredity, or is what makes someone who they are based simply on how they were raised and what sort of environment they were raised in? The idea of Nature vs Nurture was created in 1869 in a book called Hereditary Genius by Francis Galton. In his book, he explains his findings on his exploration of the inheritance andRead MoreNature Vs Nurture : Is It Nature Working With Nurture?1550 Words   |  7 PagesIs the question really Nature versus Nurture or is it Nature working with Nurture? These two forces work together to form a person throughout his or her life. Some scientists believe that personality is based on genetic predispositions, which is known as nature. Other scientists believe the way a person acts is from life experiences, the way a person is taught, and the environment in which a person grew up is known as nurture. In all honesty, the two go hand in hand. One side may pull a bit ha rderRead MoreThe Nature Nurture Controversy : Biological Or Environmental Effects Of Iq, Personality And Behavioral Differences932 Words   |  4 PagesThe basic elements of the nature-nurture controversy, debates the genetic or environmental effects of IQ, personality and behavioral differences in humans. Nature describes an inherited trait, otherwise known as the genes, containing the genetic code for each individual born. These genes contribute the physical characteristics, for example: eye color, skin pigmentation, hair texture, blood type, longevity, etc. Genes impose certain diseases, such as Huntington s Chorea, Breast Cancer, Down SyndromeRead MoreHow Nature And Nurture Affect Human Development1203 Words   |  5 Pageslearning and many other things. Nature comes from biological factors, so this allows an individual to grow and develop through learning, although some factors do come under environmental. So nature and nurture does play similar roles within and against each other. Nature comes from birth and nurture at the same time does not come from birth as nurture does not inherit genes. Nurture is environmental factors. Despite everyone living in the same environment nurture does influence human development so thisRead MoreNature Vs. Nurture Debate1366 Words   |  6 PagesPSYS 150 Assessment Task 1 Nature-Nurture Debate Scientists and biologist have argued the Nature versus Nurture debate for decades. This debate argues the degree to which our genetics or environment, affects our behaviour and developmental stages. Nature is described as the genetic material that makes up an individual. Nurture can be described as the way in which the environment and experiences of an individual influence their behavior and development. The debate has centered on which is a greaterRead MoreNature Vs Nurture Centers On How Much Of A Person s Biological, Cognitive, And Social Development1541 Words   |  7 PagesINTRODUCTION Nature Vs Nurture centers on how much of a person’s biological, cognitive, personal and social development can be attributed to either the genetic (hereditary) determinism i.e. nature or the environmental determinism i.e. nurture. Charles Darwin (1809-1882) noted that â€Å"Physical characteristics that promote survival of the individual are more likely to be passed on to offspring because the individuals with these characteristics are likelyRead MoreNature Vs. Nurture : Nurture1405 Words   |  6 PagesDecember 2015 Nature vs. Nurture Very few people know that the nature vs. nurture debate actually began early on with famous Greek philosophers such as Plato and Descartes. These two theorized that certain things were inborn and occurred naturally regardless of environmental factors (Cherry 1). Most people began to witness this debate in 1896 when the phrase â€Å"Nature vs. Nurture† was coined by English polymath, Francis Galton (â€Å"Nature vs. Nurture†Origins 1). At this point the nature vs. nurture debate grewRead MoreEssay on Nature vs Nurture1052 Words   |  5 PagesNature vs. Nurture M. B. Liberty University Psychology 101 Nature vs. Nurture There has been extensive debate between scholars in the field of psychology surrounding the Nature vs. Nurture issue. Both nature and nurture determine who we are and neither is solely independent of the other. â€Å"As the area of a rectangle is determined by its length and its width, so do biology and experience together create us.†(Myers, 2008, p. 8) Carl Gustav Jung, and leading thinker and creator of analytical